Scotland enjoyed an unbeaten summer with victories over Australia, Fiji and Samoa and are ranked ninth in the world.
They face New Zealand, South Africa and Tonga in a testing autumn schedule and Robinson reckons the matches will be key to assessing the progress made.
"The great thing about the autumn Tests are that we are playing against two of the top three sides in the world," said Robinson.
"And for us to be able to challenge ourselves against New Zealand and South Africa and Tonga will show the progress we're making.
"You want to go toe to toe with the very best and come through with a win.
"These games matter. They are Test matches where we pit ourselves against some of the best players in the world and it's always been part of my psyche, whether as a player or a coach, to test yourself against the best and strive to win.
"They also matter because we want to continue our improvement in the IRB world rankings as that will affect the draw for the Rugby World Cup."
Robinson reckons his side can thrive following their successful summer, which was a major confidence booster following their nightmare RBS 6 Nations campaign that ended with a wooden spoon.
"We will go in with a confidence and we'll go in with a belief, but it's about performing on the day.
"For us to be playing New Zealand in their first game in the UK since winning the World Cup is something that we are hugely looking forward to.
"With Scott Johnson, who has beaten New Zealand as a coach, and myself, who has beaten New Zealand as a coach, we have to put our understanding of how we can win that game together.
"We get back together at the end of October and, as a group, I'm looking forward to building on the successes that we had in the summer.
"One of the key aims of the summer tour was reignite the spirit of the team after the disappointment of the Six Nations and that spirit was really generated."